Carlsbad is a unique coastal community located 35 miles north of the city of San Diego and surrounded by mountains, lagoons and the Pacific Ocean. Although the “village” dates back more than 100 years, the city wasn’t incorporated until July 16, 1952.
At that time, Carlsbad had a population of approximately 7,000 people and covered 7.5 square miles. Since its incorporation, the city has grown to more than 83,472 and 42 square miles. Carlsbad’s great beaches, local attractions, world class resorts, shopping and restaurants have earned the city a reputation as a complete vacation destination and a great place to call Carlsbad home.
Amid the shopping centers, industrial parks and housing tracts punctuating the hills and valleys of Rancho Agua Hedionda are many vistas that would be recognized by the area’s first inhabitants — the Luiseno, the Spanish and Yankee rancheros. To the west and north, the friendly small-town atmosphere envisioned by the town’s earliest developers remains a feature of Carlsbad’s historic downtown.
Homes in Carlsbad offer a wide variety of home styles and prices.
The community of Carlsbad is named for a popular 19th century spa in Europe, but its history reflects the heritage of many cultures. Luiseno Indians camped on the shores of its coastal lagoon for centuries before the arrival of Don Gaspar de Portola and Fr. Juan Crespi in 1769. Blazing the trail now known as El Camino Real, the conquistador and Franciscan priests were exploring Alta California for the King of Spain. It was during a rest stop, upwind from an old fishing camp, that their weary troops christened the lagoon for posterity: Agua Hedionda (Stinking Water).
Following in their footsteps were more soldiers and priests, sent to establish missions and pueblos to ensure Spain’s hold on its remote territory. Mission San Luis Rey was founded 10 miles north of Agua Hedionda lagoon in 1798. Five years after Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, the Franciscans lost their jurisdiction over the Indian converts. In 1833 the rich mission land holdings were secularized, making them available by grants from the Mexican government. Although the land grants were to be distributed to all, it was the influential Californios, the second generation Hispanics, who ended up with most of them.
With the coming of the Arizona Eastern Railway in 1883, the land between Los Angeles and San Diego was opened up to homesteaders and real estate speculators. John Frazier, founder and director of the Good Samaritan Mission in Los Angeles, took over a homestead claim of 127 acres north and west of Rancho Agua Hedionda. He tapped the springs of both artesian and mineral water in the well that he dug. The cool sips of water that he graciously offered to thirsty train passengers became famous for their apparent healing powers, and Frazier’s Station soon was anticipated as a destination of its own.
In 1886, Gerhard Schutte and Samuel Church Smith, two Nebraskans with dreams of building a town of “small farms and gracious homes,” purchased Frazier’s holdings plus 275 adjoining acres and embarked on the promotion of their new project. Their plans were further bolstered when chemical analysis of the well’s mineral water indicated properties identical to those of a famous health spa in Karlsbad, Bohemia. This intelligence combined with the German origins of town founder Schutte to determine that the name of the community would be Carlsbad.
The economic roller coaster of the 1880s and 1890s dictated the fortunes of Carlsbad’s earliest years. The population hovered around 300 until 1914, when railroad money brought in by South Coast Land Company secured water rights from Oceanside. Dry farming, the town’s principle industry, was immediately expanded to include propagation of flowers, bulbs and fruit orchards, including the exotic avocado. The railroad packing shed became a vital hub of the community while an obvious increase in beach campers and other tourists indicated that people, as well as plants, were benefited by Carlsbad’s climate and setting.
Proximity to a new Marine Corps Base at Camp Pendleton brought the world to Carlsbad’s doorstep after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The post-war boom that followed V-J Day was based largely on the return of veterans to the sleepy little beach town of their wartime memories.
Recognition that the growing pains could best be eased by incorporation led to the formation of the City of Carlsbad in 1952. Since then, although the population has increased nearly 700 percent and the area of the city has expanded to three times its original size, much remains the same.
The ultimate resort community, La Costa is a perfect destination for those who enjoy the outdoors. Located in south Carlsbad, La Costa is known for the world-renowned La Costa Resort and Spa that was built in the late 1960’s and has just completed it’s refinishing stages of a multi-million dollar renovation that offers a new ballroom and Convention Center, a new Lobby, Spa, Workout Center and much more. La Costa Resort features more than 400 guest rooms, each presenting a different Spanish style theme. The resort is also host to the Annual Acura Classic Tennis Tournament.
Today, La Costa offers an astonishing variety of attractions and activities to enjoy. Surfing, fishing, cycling, prestigious golf and tennis clubs and tournaments, shopping, water sports and the Legoland amusement park are all available for residents and visitors alike. Located in North San Diego County’s rolling hills just two miles from the beautiful California coastline, La Costa features moderate year-round temperatures with cool San Diego breezes providing relief during the summer months.
The community is just a 30-minute drive from everything downtown San Diego has to offer, from the world famous San Diego Zoo to the historic Gaslamp District. In addition, Orange County and all its renowned attractions are just 30 minutes north. All of this truly makes La Costa one of San Diego’s jewels.
La Costa real estate features a variety of neighborhoods and property types, from affordable single-family homes all the way up to multi-million dollar luxury properties. For resort style living in proximity to one of the state’s major metropolitan areas, La Costa is the perfect hometown.
In the 1960’s and the 1970’s, the La Costa resort was a favorite retreat for Hollywood’s rich and famous. It was a remote outpost of the sleepy little beach town then known as Carlsbad By the Sea. Much has changed since La Costa’s early days as a prestigious spa town. Today the Carlsbad/La Costa area is home to several new master planned communities including Aviara, one of the county’s most desirable places to live.
The La Costa real estate market offers friendly residents everything from top-notch condo neighborhoods to the best view estates. La Costa schools enjoy an excellent educational reputation and the city has recently added a number of new schools. Carlsbad/La Costa’s thriving local economy is supported largely by tourism, providing a wide variety of attractions and activities.
The cities of Encinitas, Del Mar, Cardiff, Solana Beach, Oceanside, Vista, and San Marcos surround Carlsbad/La Costa. Within minutes of these locations, one can enjoy beach and ocean activities, 85 golf courses or hiking in the mountains. Just a little further out, but still close enough for leisurely day trips, are skiing opportunities in Big Bear, getaways to Catalina and Coronado islands, world class shopping, the Mexican border and one of the most beautiful harbors in the world.
Below are informational links about this great community.